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Balinese Mass Tourism




Putu Wiadnyana awaits the birth of his first child in mid-March 2015. But this researcher in architecture can not leave the village for this reason. This is customary duties that he must live 40 days without interruption.

His job is to remind other residents of their house-to-house tour. Can not use communication tools or stick to schedules. It is a tradition that has existed for generations.


"Every four o'clock in the afternoon, I have to tell them tonight we have to take care of the Great Hall," said Putu, bare-breasted. A keris comes out of its size, wrapped in a white cloth.

The so-called Balai Agung is a 25-meter long room and about five meters wide. This place is forbidden to anyone, except for the indigenous residents of Tenganan Pegringsingan village, whose number does not exceed 630 people or 222 families. The remaining 4,170 people (about 2,000 families) are residents who are not part of the customary community. Among them were a number of people who had broken customary rules or asked foreigners to stay for ceremonial purposes.

Every nine o'clock in the evening, there is a meeting of traditional elders or Krama Desa to discuss various issues that day that we will face tomorrow. Similar to daily coordination meetings in an agency or company. A pay TV channel is installed.

Tenganan Pegringsingan itself is indeed an economic entity.


Every year, the average visiting tourist reaches 46,000 people. It has even reached 52,000 people. All registered in the guest list located at the entrance of the village. There are no applied rates like Tanah Lot, for example.

"It's voluntary here, all the donations are included in the village funds, there is no one in the government, there are those who contribute a hundred thousand dollars to one person, but there are also a lot of tourists who do not do not contribute, "Nyoman Suwita said. Domplong laughs.

Land owned together


But that's not Tenganan's main turnover. The economic backbone of its citizens is located on 917 hectares of land that has never been cut down because of the ban on trade.

"One day, a resident tried to give a customary land to a bank to buy a car, and then, when we were about to be confiscated, we were first bought out of the bank. concerned, later, "said I Wayan Sudarsana, one of six pairs of Krama Desa.

Of the 917 hectares, 255 hectares are paddy fields planted with rice with a five-month harvest period.


According to Wayan, every hectare of rice in Tenganan produces an average of 4 to 5 tons of grain. Assuming that the price of dry grain is Rp. 4,000 per kilo, the annual turnover of paddy fields is Rp. 10 billion.

This does not include forest products and gardens from the other 580 hectares. From there, produce durian, coconut, pineapple, coffee, palm sugar, mahogany and Albasia.

However, all Tenganan cultures are divided in two with the community of farmers living outside the village. Some of them are refugees from the Mount Agung eruption in 1963 who now have children.

Not surprisingly, in the road construction project, for example, the village of Krama of Tenganan is discussing whether to wait for government funds, search for sponsors, or use their own money. Each choice has consequences. Because the road passes in the middle of the forest and customary lands. This is the most current topic discussed every night at the Grand Hall in March 2015.

"We are grateful for these customary rules.If the Tenganan can be certified property rights, investors may have expired for the construction of a hotel or villa," said Nyoman Sadra, one of the leaders from the village that now provides acupuncture treatment services without repair. fees.

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